Advent and Christmas: Two Different Stories of God in the World?

When Elizabeth travelled to Mary’s house, the Spirit of God was moving mightily, and as always this meant things would be turned upside down. And Mary sang a song full of the moment:

My soul magnifies the Lord, and my Spirit rejoices in God my Savior.

Mary knew “God as Savior” as the Coming One who would rescue his people from their low estate.

He has shown strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts

He has brought down the powerful from their throws and lifted up the lowly.

He has filled the hungry with good things and sent the rich away empty.

Salvation for Mary meant that the ordering powers of the world would be turned upside down and that a new day would dawn full of mercy for those who honor God and his reign.

This is the meaning of Advent. This is the story of God as the Coming One who disrupts the world as we know it for the sake of an alternative world in line with the realities of the coming future of God. Jesus, as Israel’s Messiah, proclaimed the coming Kingdom of God as good news and demonstrated the nature of that reign by proclaiming the forgiveness of sins, healing the sick, casting out demons, eating with tax collectors and sinners, and calling disciples who would leave the realities of the old world behind to serve the coming future of God. This is the advent story. God has come and is coming, offering us the hope of a world not given to us by the principalities and powers of the age.

Jurgen Moltmann distinguishes between two picture of the future. The first he calls futurum, which is the outcome we expect because of the way things are now. The future is a story of progress. In other words, the future is only the natural outcome of the way things already are. Adventus, on the other hand, is not simply the outworking of the past and present into the future, but the surprising proposal that an altogether different future is breaking into the present. Futurum perpetuates the status quo and tends to conserve the relationships of power that currently exist. Adventus turns the powers upside down and offers real hope for those who have been excluded. It is a future made possible by the stirring of the Spirit of God. Mary sang of adventus, of the possibility of a different future for those of “low estate,” including herself.

So, Advent is a story of discontinuity. It strikes me that it has become possible to tell the story of Christmas as a story of continuity. I resist the ever-earlier signs of green and red and tinsel that pop-up to mark the season. As many have pointed out, its not hard to tie the Christmas spirit to the spirit of consumerism which will spread out as far as we will let it. It’s the time of year that we give ourselves permission to indulge our acquisitive selves. It’s the time of the year that most keeps our economy going, that gives us some sense of what the future holds. Maybe more than any other time, it keeps the world as we know it a predictable world, which is a world ultimately without hope. Maybe it’s just me, but its beginning to look a lot like futurum everywhere we go.

For those of us from a liturgically deprived tradition, we give the season religious meaning by looking back to the manger and by having Christmas pageants and by marveling that God became just like us. But there is a different religious sensibility to be cultivated in this season in relation to Advent, that sees God’s coming as strange and surprising, and because of that offers real hope for a different kind of world. As a collection, I find the lectionary readings connected to Advent as some of the strangest in the Bible. I can’t wait to get to the time around Christmas where Linus reads about “shepherds who kept watch of their flocks by night” on a Charlie Brown Christmas. But Advent texts are not only about mangers and shepherds and wise men. They are also about the disrupting force of the coming future of God where the powerful are brought down from their thrones and the lowly are lifted up.

It might be a good question to ask, which story has become good news for you, Advent or Christmas?

About Mark Love

I am the Dean for the School of Theology and Ministry and Director of the Resource Center for Missional Leadership at Rochester College. Part of my job includes directing a master's degree in missional leadership, a situated learning degree. I am married to Donna and have a son, Josh Love, who is a practicing new monastic in Abilene, TX. With Donna, I have also inherited three great daughters and two amazing granddaughters.
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7 Responses to Advent and Christmas: Two Different Stories of God in the World?

  1. scrumpyfu says:

    I like how we’ve embraced Advent for focusing at this time of year. I also like that it seems anti-Christmas (as it’s become in late Western capitalism). I don’t like that it’s ruined the musical liturgy for worship services for the entire month of December, though, as apparently any spirituality cannot be found in “Christmas carols.”

    • Mark Love says:

      Sad, sad, sad. Joy to the World is a great Advent song. I think It Came Upon a Midnight Clear falls in there as well. Probably not, I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus, though Dylan’s version is an out of body experience in the making.

  2. Anne Vyn says:

    “Adventus, on the other hand, is not simply the outworking of the past and present into the future, but the surprising proposal that an altogether different future is breaking into the present.”
    Thanks for this important reminder, Mark! Eye has not seen and ear has not heard the things He has prepared for us.

  3. Mark Pollock says:

    “Christmas” has become increasingly “bah humbug” for me. It is re-freshing to realize the real “Kingly” presence of Jesus right now.

  4. Chuck Bronson says:

    “When Elizabeth travelled to Mary’s house”?!?! That’s kind of starting off on a backward note, isn’t it?

  5. Ellen McCollum says:

    Mark, thanks for these remarks re: Advent. We are now in a coc that actually has been/is celebrating the Advent. Having grown up in a very traditional coc & having spent 40 years in a similar one, it is now so refreshing to actually ponder over & dwell in these days leading up to The Birth. I think, perhaps, our tribe was (still is) too concerned that Advent celebrating might throw us in with those (other) denominations, & God forbid, the Catholics!

    • Mark Love says:

      Ellen, I fear you’re right. Living in Michigan, I’m more aware of how Churches of Christ established themselves in some regions as non-Catholic. I’m glad you’re in a church that can experience that.

      ml

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